How Hemp is Grown for CBD: Cultivation and Extraction

Warmer weather is approaching in many areas of the United States. That means that farmers are starting to plan their crops. Many growers are interested in partaking in the CBD market. CBD comes from the cannabis plant at low levels, but when appropriately grown, you can often find cannabidiol at concentrations of 10 percent or more.

With healthy and therapeutic benefits, CBD does not contain THC. This market shows a lot of promise over the next few years. Now may very well be the time to get involved at the growing level, and learn how to farm hemp on your own.

CBD Extraction Methods

CBD frequently comes from the stalks and stems of the hemp plant. It’s because these areas of the plant contain less than 0.3% THC. It qualifies them as ‘Industrial Hemp,’ which is a much more legal product. Once the plant has been pulled, there are two main methods used to extract the CBD. One is a much more natural process (CO2), but they each have their pros and cons. 

CO2 Extraction

It’s an extraction process that works very well for small amounts of product. You will filter the plants through some chambers that work to control pressure and temperature. When you apply these different levels of pressure and temperature, you can isolate cannabinoids at an impressive rate of 90 percent efficiency. 

Ethanol Extraction

Ethanol is a solvent that can be used to extract cannabinoids from the hemp plant. You can produce a much larger volume of product this way. It’s also a process that will remove other unwanted components from your final product. It includes chlorophyll. Some people believe that these additional components make for a much more full-spectrum product. Others prefer to have only the CBD remaining. 

How to Grow Hemp From the Seed

Growing medicinal cannabis that is rich in CBD isn’t as simple as putting seeds in the ground and watching it grow. A few different strains are available by seed. The most common are Cannatonic from the Resin Seed Company. Sour Tsunami comes from the Southern Humboldt Seed Collective. These seeds and other varieties are designed to produce plants that are incredibly high in CBD and THC. It makes them perfect for the manufacture of CBD products. There will inevitably be plants that are CBD dominant, and there are plants which are THC dominant. What you grow and how to grow hemp, really depends on what you are looking to produce with your crops.

How to Grow Marijuana

Once you have acquired the seeds that you want to cultivate, you will follow this process for growing hemp:

  • Germination of seeds should take place in a cup of warm water or on a wet paper towel. Placing the seeds in a dark location will allow the roots to grow.
  • Plant your roots into the soil. The roots should be facing downwards.
  • Sunlight or artificial light is needed for the growing process. You need a minimum of six hours per day.
  • An ideal temperature for growth is between 65 and 75 degrees (Fahrenheit).
  • Organic fertilizer can be used to help provide essential nutrients.
  • Water your plants when the soil begins to feel dry.
  • The optimal harvest time is somewhere around 8 to 16 weeks. You will notice that the trichomes on the buds look milky and slightly amber.
  • Cut mature plants at the portion of the stem that is right above the soil level. Remove leaves.
  • Hang your plant upside down for one week, or until the plant has completely dried.
  • The buds can be trimmed off once dried almost entirely.

How to get a Hemp Growing License

There are different laws in place regarding the growth of hemp. These farm bill hemp laws vary from state to state. Some make the process of getting a hemp growing license quite easy. Others will make you go through a lengthy process. Whatever the process may be in your area, make sure that you follow the rules. It will prevent you from dealing with any prosecution. Some permits can be acquired online as long as you meet requirements. Do a bit of research to determine what process you will have to go through.

At the End

CBD is a great supplement to consider. It has many health benefits, it is non-toxic, and it doesn’t contain THC. That means you are going to experience any mental alteration when you consume it. If you are thinking about growing CBD, take the time to research the cultivation process properly. A high-quality product begins with a healthy and potent plant. Many consumers prefer a product that doesn’t contain harmful fertilizers or pesticides. Stick to organic methods of growing and cultivate hemp naturally, if possible.

By Alex Malkin

Alex Malkin is a CBD enthusiast, researcher, and the editor-in-chief at CBD.market. He's also the author of the book "CBD: A Door to Better Health" and a certified nutrition-and-wellness specialist.


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